Madeira: Island Ark – Islands of Evolution

This is a very interesting documentary about the nature of Madeira Island.

Contents:

  • Laurisilva Forest – 4′
  • Stink Laurel – 7′
  • plants usually small evolved in Madeira to giant plants. – 8′
  • the biggest spider of Europe, Hogna ingens, the Deserta Grande wolf spider – 12′
  • Lava Tubes, caves where once flowed red hot liquid fused volcanic rock – 19′
  • Thalassophilus pieperi, a cavernicolous carabid beetle – 22′
  • Snails – 23′
  • Madeiran Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs maderensis) – 24′
  • The arrival of humans in 1419 – 27′
  • Charles Darwin in the “Origin of Species” refer to Madeira more often than to Galapagos- 28′
  • Wollaston (a friend of Darwin) spent many years in Madeira studying endemic insects
  • The extinct Large White Butterfly Pieris brassicae wollastoni – 29′
  • The flightless endemic beetle Meloe austrinus – 30′
  • “Wollaston noted that of the 550 beetle species he was aware of in Madeira, 200 were flightless”
  • Human impact on endemic species, crops – 31′
  • The Madeiran Wall Lizard Lacerta dugesii – 32′
  • Geological time periods. Cliffs seen from sea, the tip of a huge sea mountain – 36′
  • Aquatic mammals, dolphins – 37′
  • Geologic Weathering. Balls of basalt – 38′
  • Fish of deep water. Peixe Espada – 41′
  • Marine Biological Station of Funchal. The tiny male of the Anglerfish Centrophryne spinulosa – 43′
  • Diving underwater. Starfishes, Sea Urchins. Decline of numbers of endemic invertebrates – 45′
  • Bryozoans. Invasive species brought by ships. – 48′
  • Deepwater long-snouted lancetfish stomach contents – 50′

madeira-island-ark

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